Published on April 7, 2022

Just transition in 7 central and eastern European countries: what works and what does not

Territorial Just Transition Plans (TJTPs) are a precondition for European Union Member States to access the Just Transition Fund, which the EU has put in place to support the socio-economic transformation of EU regions relying on fossil fuels and carbon-intensive industries. Several central and eastern European countries have developed or are in the process of developing these plans. Given the multitude of actors involved, the complexity of choices, and the difficulty of the task ahead, the different just transition processes are not homogenous across Member States nor across regions within the same country.

The objective of this research is to assess what works and what does not in TJTP development, and why, to distil this information into lessons learned and key recommendations to further improve the quality of just transition processes in other European countries, and to promote best practices regarding the just transition process. This assessment develops an in depth-analysis of the quality of just transition processes, including the challenges and success factors, in seven CEE countries, namely Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia.

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